Anchor worm (Lernaea cyprinacea) is a member of the Copepod family, a family of very small aquatic crustaceans.
They get their name from the shape of the head which resembles a ship’s anchor.
The worms burrow their heads into the bodies of goldfish. The most common places to find them are behind a pectoral fin or right behind the dorsal fin. If the infestation is heavy, they can be found anywhere on the fish.
When the worm first attacks the fish, it shows as a bony splinter protruding at an angle. It is visible to the naked eye but can easily be missed.
As the fish’s defense system starts to react to the worm’s presence, a bloody red spot will show with a small white thread protruding from the center.
Infested fish introduced into the pond or aquarium is the usual source.
Dipterex (Dylox neguvon) is effective in combating the worm.
It is an insecticide that is soluble in water, comes in liquid or powder form and is sold in different potencies ranging from 40 to 98%.
Try and find Dipterex with 98% potency as the doses below are based on this potency level. If you can only find lower potency levels, you will have to calculate how much you need based on the doses below.
Dipterex Dosage For Ponds
Treat the pond three times at 7 day intervals.
Dipterex isn’t stable in water and breaks down after a few days. The worm eggs survive the treatment but emerging parasites are killed by the follow-up treatments.
If your goldfish are in an aquarium, picking the worms off the fish with tweezers is the easiest solution.
Anchor worms hold on tenaciously and small pieces of flesh can come with the worms. Dab the worms with a cotton bud that has been dipped in a 50/50 solution of Kerosene and Turpentine.
Be very careful if the worm is near an eye. This process may need to be performed more than once.
Other treatments include:
Watch closely for toxic shock, usually exhibited by the fish turning on
its side or gasping at the surface.
Move the fish into a mild salt bath of two teaspoons per gallon of non-iodized salt for a couple of days to make sure wounds don’t infect or any more worms appear.
A safer and more convenient treatment is to use a medication specifically made for parasitic crustaceans such as Ecological Labs LAWP16 Microbe Lift Lice and Anchor Worm.
As its name suggests, it can also be used for the treatment of goldfish lice as they are also a crustacean.
Don't forget to sterilize the aquarium completely (including plants) to kill any adults or nauplii.